The first Black Friday occurred in 1869 after financier Jay Gould and railway businessman James Fisk attempted to corner the gold market, which ultimately resulted in financial panic and the collapse of the market. A little over 60 years later, on October 29, 1929, another stock market crash referred to as Black Tuesday marked the onset of the Great Depression.
Following suit with the earlier “black” days, the true origin of the post-Thanksgiving Black Friday lies in the sense of black meaning “marked by disaster or misfortune.” In the 1950s, factory managers first started referring to the Friday after Thanksgiving as Black Friday because so many of their workers decided to falsely call in sick, thus extending the holiday weekend. About ten years later, Black Friday was used by Philadelphia traffic cops to describe the day after Thanksgiving because they had to work 12-hour shifts in terrible traffic. Soon the term caught on among shoppers and merchants in Philadelphia, and from there it took off nationwide.
The 1980s brought the mythology of Black Friday that’s often heard today. While the phrases in the black and in the red are used in the business world to describe profits and losses, this explanation for one of the busiest shopping days of the year only came about in the 1980s, about 20 years after the phrase Black Friday was in regular use.
I find that the wilder and quieter the place, the more we become who we really are. Instead of spending so much of the day turning off, tired and a bit overstimulated, we begin to open up: layers slowly sliding off, awareness of our permeability emerging, a welcoming in of the world that surrounds every one of our cells.
A crystal blue lake in southern Argentina (CNF2015)
“All great achievements require time.”
Land O’Lakes, WI (MKadjeski2016)
I am strong because I’ve been weak. I am fearless because I’ve been afraid. I am wise because I’ve been foolish.
Land O’Lakes, WI (CHammack2016)
Hillary Rodham Clinton at her Commencement, 1969
My entrance into the world of so-called “social problems”
Must be with quiet laughter, or not at all.
The hollow men of anger and bitterness
The bountiful ladies of righteous degradation
All must be left to a bygone age.
And the purpose of history is to provide a receptacle
For all those myths and oddments
Which oddly we have acquired
And from which we would become unburdened
To create a newer world
To translate the future into the past.
We have no need of false revolutions
In a world where categories tend to tyrannize our minds
And hang our wills up on narrow pegs.
It is well at every given moment to seek the limits in our lives.
And once those limits are understood
To understand that limitations no longer exist.
Earth could be fair. And you and I must be free
Not to save the world in a glorious crusade
Not to kill ourselves with a nameless gnawing pain
But to practice with all the skill of our being
The art of making possible.
The University of Notre Dame in Notre Dame, Indiana (MCashore2015)
At the most inconvenient times, I have persisting thoughts that swim around my mind, which go far beyond worrying about exams, paying for groceries, or having a social life. No, instead, they are piercing memories; incidents that happened a year ago that sometimes, robs my attention from enjoying today.
Having the ability to reminisce is a beautiful thing. On the other hand, I allow these memories to define who I am as a person. Even as I get older and transition into new life positions–from college to graduate school, to a new relationship, to a new job– I may let the thought of who I once was, imprison me and hold me back.
In fact, anxious thoughts can hinder any of us from a successful life and moving forward. If we do that, we can individually hinder ourselves in the present and harm our futures. Yes, the world is a complex place, and deciphering it is hard to ignore, but we must strive to discipline our minds to focus on living our lives in the moment.
Article Inspired by: Taylor Christopher Brown
“With an eye made quiet by the power of harmony, and the deep power of joy, we see into the life of things.”
In a landmark decision, a New Delhi court has ruled that women can be the “karta” — meaning the legal head of a family, according to ancient Hindu customs — a position previously reserved for men only. The “karta” occupies the superior position in a family and takes full control over property, rituals and other family affairs.
The ruling came about after the daughter of a business family, whose father was the eldest of four brothers, had filed a lawsuit against one of her cousins who claimed that he was now the rightful karta. The high court justified its decision as the logical conclusion of a 2005 amendment to the Hindu Succession Act, which granted women equal inheritance rights, arguing that it was rather odd that “while females would have equal rights of inheritance in an HUF property, this right could nonetheless be curtailed when it comes to the management of the same”.
Read the Full Story at the Times of India